March 17, 2021 – Dark, warm and weatherproof, you would be forgiven for assuming that the humble cave dwelling would have made for the perfect shelter, long before the days of floor plans and plasterboard. However, it may come as a surprise to some that the club-bearing, smock-wearing, bear-footed cavemen — regularly on show in museum displays — never really existed in the way we imagined. Our ancestors, the people of the Stone Age, did not actually live in caves at all. 

There are some exceptions — around the equator, some ancient communities inhabited subterranean spaces during the hottest months hiding from the baking sun, while others inhabited caves to seek refuge during mass migrations. Mostly though, caves have never been chosen as permanent residences, utilized instead for rituals, ceremonies and important events.

Architecture of the Underground: 6 Modern Cave Dwellings Inspired by Ancient History